Trochetia Boutoniana (Boucle d'Oreille) was declared the National Flower on the 12th March 1992, when Mauritius achieved the status of Republic. Named after the famous French botanist, Louis Bouton, it is endemic to Mauritius and is found in only one locality in the wild. It is a magnificent shrub reaching about 2-3 metres in height, with reddish-orange flowers. Adapted to dry condition, it commonly flowers from June to October.
 
Flowers of Mauritius - Trochetia
The flora of Mauritius harbours many unique and beautiful species. The Trochetia is a genus of shrubs and small tress which have spectacular flowering. They are endemic to the Mascarene Islands and consist six species out of which five are found in Mauritius and one in Reunion Island.
 
All species bear simple hermaphrodite white, pink or reddish flowers which are either single or in clusters of three. Their preferred habitat is the windward exposed mountainous slopes. Specimen of Trochetia are found in the collection of the Natural History Museum in Paris and the Kew Gardens in the United Kingdom.